What Does a Lab Technician Do? Types of Lab Technicians?

By: Job Hai | February 28, 2023 3 min read
What Does a Lab Technician Do? Types of Lab Technicians?

The field of medical lab technology has scope for good career prospects. To pursue a career as a lab technician, you must learn about the profession, all its types, and the qualifications necessary for it. This article answers the question of what is a lab technician and what is a lab assistant. It further talks about all things required for a job as a lab assistant or technician. Read further to learn more!

Who is a Lab Technician?

A laboratory technician undertakes mechanical, technical, or diagnostic tests in a scientific setting. They mostly carry out research under the guidance of senior technicians, pathologists, or researchers. They are primarily in charge of organising and maintaining laboratory workspaces and equipment.

What Does a Lab Technician Do?

The major duties of a lab technician vary depending on the specific field where they work. They are in charge of a wide range of tasks, such as recording information, data processing, inventory management, and the upkeep of equipment, workspaces, and laboratory tools. Some of their duties include:

  • Adjust and calibrate instruments to keep your lab running smoothly
  • Ordering, storage, and inventory of experimental materials
  • Data collection for basic research and experiments
  • Cleaning and disinfection of laboratory equipment and work areas

What are The Types of Lab Technicians?

The various types of Lab Technicians are mentioned below: 

1. Medical Lab Technician

A medical laboratory technician uses laboratory equipment, tests, and procedures to evaluate the condition of human tissues and blood samples. They work under the direction of physicians, research lab technologists, and laboratory executives in clinical and diagnostic labs.

2. Dental Lab Technician

Dental technicians communicate and collaborate with dentists to plan, design, and manufacture dentures for individual patients. The dental lab technician manages the patient’s dental along with their self-esteem and confidence.

3. Chemical Laboratory Technician

Chemical lab technicians help chemical engineers with research, experimentation, and product and process development. They assist in the design, execution, and monitoring of experiments, as well as the recording and reporting of results.

4. Medical Lab Technologist

Medical Lab Technologists (MLTs) perform laboratory tests of blood, body fluids, cells, and tissues and play an essential role in the healthcare system. The MLT’s knowledge and expertise contribute to advancements in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of medical conditions and diseases.

Who is a Lab Assistant?

Lab Assistants prepare experiments, process specimens, maintain lab equipment, and clean up after experiments in medical and scientific laboratories.

What are The Courses That a Lab Assistant Pursues?

There are several methods for applying for this position. Accomplishing a B.Sc in Medical Lab Technology, securing a diploma in MLT, or completing the six-month Certification Course in Laboratory Technology are examples of these options (CPLT).

What is The Salary of a Lab Technician?

The average salary of a lab technician in India ranges from around INR 20,000 per month.

What is The Salary of a Lab Assistant?

The average salary of a lab assistant in India is around Rs. 2 lakhs per year.


Medical laboratory technology is a branch of medicine that helps diagnose and treat various diseases, so it is an integral part of medical procedures. It cannot be separated from a country’s healthcare infrastructure. The field, therefore, offers good career prospects and job stability. If you have enough experience or relevant qualifications, you can apply for a Lab technician job at Job Hai. It is an online job platform that provides a wide range of employment per your preferences and requirements.


Q1: What is the Lab Assistant’s salary per month?

A: A lab assistant’s salary is around INR 16,000 per month.

Q2: What is the work of a Lab Assistant?

A: Laboratory assistants assist technicians and scientists with laboratory testing and research work.

Q3: How to get a Lab Technician job?

A: You must complete 10+2 in the science stream. After that, you must complete the required degree and certificate courses for the job.

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