How to Become an HR? Full Form, Salary and Functions of HR?

By: Job Hai | November 26, 2022 7 min read
How to Become an HR? Full Form, Salary and Functions of HR?

HR is a popular job title in every industry. It is one of the highest-paying professions. But what is HR? By the end of this article, you’ll know everything about HR, its functions, its importance, and how to become one.

What is HR?

HR is the common acronym for “Human Resources.” As the name suggests, the HR team manages the most vital resource of the company, which is the employees. It looks over all the business and employee life cycle fundamentals, including recruiting personnel, training, and terminating, if necessary. It is also responsible for maintaining a healthy work environment and resolving issues related to the workforce or workplace.

What does HR do?

The primary function of HR is the management of human resources. However, the work of an HR varies from company to company. In a small-scale company, an HR officer performs many duties, including recruiting, onboarding, training, hiring, and administering the benefits of employees. Whereas, in larger companies, HR professionals could have particular roles like payroll management, personnel training, etc.

The primary responsibilities of an HR are:

  • Create strategies for the overall development of the organization.
  • Improve and maintain employer-employee relationships.
  • Manage the hiring and hiring process
  • Harbor a supportive workplace.
  • Take initiative for employees’ work-life balance.
  • Make plans to utilize the human resource of the company optimally.

What are the Functions of HR?

The Human Resource department has various functions in an organization:

  • Understand the present and future hiring needs of the organization.
  • Look over all the legislation and ensure that the company follows government guidelines.
  • Bring talent into the organization by recruiting the perfect candidates.
  • Provide necessary tools to the employees to succeed in the organization.
  • Manage matters related to the compensation of employees.
  • Take disciplinary actions whenever necessary.
  • Maintaining a safe and healthy work environment.

What is HR Management?

Managing human resources is a critical part of any organization. HRM, or Human Resource Management, is the strategic approach of recruiting, hiring, training, and managing an organization’s workforce. Human Resource Management works through committed HR managers who perform HR-related functions every day. It is a department that handles all aspects of employees and formulates various guidelines related to the workplace.

How to Become an HR?

If you wish to become an HR, you need to follow these steps:

1. Complete 10+2

Completing your 10+2 is the minimum requirement for further courses related to HR. You can complete 10+2 in any subject, but you need to qualify for it with 60% or more marks to gain admission into an undergraduate program or diploma course.

2. Get A Bachelor’s Degree Or Equivalent

Once you are done with your 10+2, apply for a bachelor’s degree. You can pursue BBA, BA, or integrated BBA-MBA programs. Different colleges and universities have different eligibility criteria. Before applying, you should check it once.

3. Get Master’s Degree

Most companies prefer candidates with a master’s degree for the role of HR. It would help if you got an MBA degree from a reputed college. It will also help you if you wish to get into a future doctoral program. A master’s and a doctoral program can help you get a high-paying job.

4. Get Certifications

Certificate courses are optional, but they are a great way to show your expertise in the field. They will help you broaden your perspective on the subject. There is a wide selection of courses avail both online and offline for the role of HR.

5. Do Internships

You can intern under experienced professionals to gain more knowledge and real-life work experience.

6. Apply for Jobs

Once you’ve gained sufficient experience in the field, you can start applying for HR jobs from various companies. Prepare yourself for the interviews.

Why is HR Important for a Company?

HR is a crucial position with its roles and responsibilities, but what is HR in a company? Why is it important? Below are the reasons for the importance of HR:

  • It supports the overall development of the organization
  • It handles all aspects of employee experience and directly impacts the organization’s business outcomes
  • It promotes a strong relationship between employers and employees
  • It introduces new technology in the workplace
  • It helps employees achieve their goals
  • It promotes organizational alignment

Read this: Why are Human Resources Important?

What is the Salary of HR?

HR is the most buzzing profession in the market. It attracts various aspirants due to the high salary packages and the reputed position which comes with this role. However, the salary depends upon where you are in the hierarchy of jobs:

  • Low Or Entry Level
Job titleExpected salary
Staffing Coordinator₹ 1432 per hour
Staffing Specialist₹ 1465 per hour
HR Assistant₹ 1520 per hour
HR associate₹ 1586 per hour
  • Mid-level
Job titleExpected salary
Personnel manager₹ 2.6 lakhs to ₹ 18.4 lakhs per year
HR Specialist₹ 2.4 lakhs to ₹ 14 lakhs per year
HR Generalist₹ 2 lakhs to ₹ 8.4 lakhs per year
HR supervisor₹ 2 lakhs to ₹ 12 lakhs per year
HR analyst₹ 2.5 lakhs to ₹ 8.9 lakhs per year
  • Senior Level
Job titleExpected salary
HR Manager₹ 9 lakhs to ₹ 20 lakhs per year
HR Director₹ 10 lakhs to ₹ 98 lakhs per year
Chief HR Officer₹ 15.6 lakhs to ₹ 102 lakhs per year

Why Choose HR as a Career?

  • Apart from the high pay scale, some other rewarding reasons to choose HR as a career:
  • You’ll have a position of power.
  • You’ll have a chance to change lives.
  • You can mentor people and help them become better versions of themselves.
  • You’ll get to solve problems, and people will show gratitude.
  • No single day will be boring
  • You’ll meet a lot of different types of people.


Now that you know everything related to HR, it is the key to the success of any organization. There are many duties that an HR manager needs to perform. They are responsible for the complete development of an organization. If you are looking for a career in this field, you won’t regret it due to the numerous opportunities available.


Q1. What do you mean by HR in the company?

A: HR in a company looks over all the fundamentals of a business and employee life cycle, including recruiting personnel, training, and terminating, if necessary.

Q2. What is the full form of HR?

A: The full form of HR is Human Resources. As the name suggests, the HR team manages the most vital resource of the company, which is the employees.

Q3. What is the meaning of HR?

A: HR is the common acronym for “Human Resources.” The primary function of HR is the management of human resources.

Q4. Who is an HR Recruiter?

A: A human resource recruiter is a professional who is tasked primarily with hiring suitable candidates for the organization.

Q5. Who is an HR Manager?

A: A human resource manager is a professional who plans, directs, and coordinates the administrative functions of an organization.

Q6. What is the role of HR?

A: The role of HR is to recruit candidates, hire the right employees, process payroll, etc.

Q7. What is an HR executive?

A: It is the bridge between employer and employee. HR executive performs tasks related to the compensation of employees and workplace motivation.

Q8. Is HR a good career?

A: HR is one of the best career options available due to the strong position it provides and the high pay scale it offers to the aspirants.